This updated edition provides an introductory account of the Labour Party from its foundation. It covers the whole period up to the General Election of 1992 and the subsequent choice of John Smith to succeed Neil Kinnock as leader of the party. It also discusses the role of labour unions within the party and their relations with the parliamentary leadership and the rank and file members. It thus provides the essential background for an understanding of the new political situation. Other books by Henry Pelling include "Winston Churchill", "The Labour Governments, 1945-51" and "Britain and the Marshall Plan".