An important contribution to the European Mesolithic and Neolithic literature. Focusses on Northern Europe including Novel methods and studies, and very important finds. Includes major new developments on Ezero-Kale in Bulgaria (a sequel to Acta Archaeologica Supplementa VI, 2005 on the Liga Copper Age settlement). Provides a superb explanation of the collapse of Balkan Copper Age societies and the long transition to the Bronze Age. Includes the re-orientation towards the new centres of the Mediterranean and the Near East: indeed, the dawn of civilization.