This book is revised to reflect the latest standards, legislation, frameworks and practice, so students have the up-to-date information they need to succeed. It is extended to provide the greater depth and criticality that students need at Levels 4 and 5. It is written in the same accessible language as the first edition and designed for quick and easy reference. It is packed with recommendations for further reading, making it the perfect starting point for any line of early years research. It is ideal for sector-endorsed Early Years Foundation Degrees, NVQ/SVQ Level 4 in Children's Care, Learning and Development and other comparable qualifications.