This book studies the techniques of construction technology and services, and the principles of environmental and materials science and their applications. It also studies the nature and the historical development of the built environment together with the roles of people working in the construction industry. This wide range of topics is of practical use to students and practitioners studying and working in building construction, civil engineering, surveying, planning and development. The style of writing is kept simple and supported by a clear explanations, a structured layout, practical examples and diagrams. Includes definitions, checklists and keyword summaries to help students preparing for tests, examinations and assignments.