Containing Germany presents a radical reappraisal of British policy towards one of the crucial issues of the postwar period, namely whether to rearm West Germany. It contains a series of major new theses on British attitudes towards European integration, Anglo-Soviet relations and the 'special relationship'. These issues were the subject of passionate argument and have since become a source of controversy among diplomatic historians. This book clarifies these crucial debates. Drawing on a wide variety of primary material, it demonstrates that British policy-makers remained concerned about the potential re-emergence of a German threat. In addition, it contains new information about key episodes in British diplomacy including Attlee's and Churchill's willingness to compromise with the Soviets over German unification, the British military's desire to reduce the continental commitment and Eden's enthusiasm for a European army in which German military potential could be contained.