South Africa's 1994 election was widely hailed around the world as miraculous. This text examines South African experiences to cast doubt on this celebratory attitude to democracy. Contemporary political analysis highlights the benefits that democracy can sometimes bring. Butler, by contrast, argues that democracy can be malign. He attacks the myth that democracy ended apartheid, and attempts to show that democratic practices themselves contributed to its evils. The author also explores weaknesses in political science as a discipline.