This study draws on first-hand experience of a series of development projects in Siberia through the period from the dissolution of the Soviet Union until the election of President Medvedev. It draws on development studies and post-Soviet literature to provide a critical account of the projects which the author ran and to examine the reasons for their successes and failures. The period covered allows the long-term effects of the aid to be analysed. The book includes pioneering accounts of the policies of the donors (the EU TEMPUS TACIS programme and UK government programmes). It outlines improved methods of granting aid and draws lessons that are widely applicable across the developing world.