Five-step problem solving process. A five-step methodology for solving problems is used throughout the text. Each step is clearly identified to help students focus on the process of breaking a problem into smaller components and then addressing the smaller components throughout the text. The five steps are: State the problem clearly. Describe the input and the output. Work the problem by hand (or with a calculator) for a specific set of data. Develop a solution that is general in nature. Test the algorithm with a variety of data sets. Key Topics Covered - arithmetic computations, control structures, array processing, external procedures, and data types, and pointers. Includes real-world applications throughout.