As finite humans, we are dependent, limited, situated, and vulnerable, and our understanding of ourselves and the world is constantly facing boundaries and restrictions. This book explores how finitude's different dimensions, and its ambiguities, may be understood within the framework of Christian theological anthropology. This study inverstigates different understandings of finitude's role in human life, and argues why these may benefit theological anthropology. An analysis and discussion of recent contributions and the possible relations between them not only help us to gain a richer picture of finitude's impact on human life, but may also contribute to a deeper understanding of the anthropological dimensions of religion. A further outcome of the analysis is that we are then able to define more clearly on what terms there is, from a phenomenological point of view, a possible relation between common human experience of finitude and the understanding of the world present in religion.