Originally published in 1939, this book presents a comprehensive study of hydrophthalmia, also known as buphthalmia, incorporating information on causes, treatment and outlook as they were understood at the time of publication. An approach based on comparative anatomy and pathology is used, with analysis of Australian fauna such as ornithorhyncus, echidna, pseudochirus and dasyurus incorporated into the study. The text also provides descriptions of all the different methods of operative treatment which had been tried, with a thorough analysis of the results obtained by various surgeons. Numerous illustrative figures are included throughout. This book will be of interest to anyone with an interest in the history of medicine and ophthalmology.