This book features recent research in mathematical modeling of indirectly and directly transmitted infectious diseases in humans, animals, and plants. It compiles nine not previously published studies that illustrate the dynamic spread of infectious diseases, offering a broad range of models to enrich understanding. It demonstrates the capability of mathematical modeling to capture disease spread and interaction dynamics as well as the complicating factors of various evolutionary processes. In addition, it presents applications to real-world disease control by commenting on key parameters and dominant pathways related to transmission. While aimed at early-graduate level students, the book can also provide insights to established researchers in that it presents a survey of current topics and methodologies in a constantly evolving field.